HTTP 408 Request Timeout


The HTTP 408 Request Timeout status code indicates that the server did not receive a complete request from the client within its waiting period. It is often used to indicate that a server timed out waiting for the request from the client.


The HTTP 408 response is utilized by servers to notify the client that the server timed out waiting for the rest of the request from the client. This can be due to client delay in sending the request, slow network, or client inactivity.


Client Behavior:

  1. Send Request: The client begins sending an HTTP request to the server.
  2. Delayed Completion: If the client takes too long to send the complete request, the server might respond with a 408 status.

Server Behavior:

  1. Waiting for Request: The server awaits the complete request from the client.
  2. Timeout Occurs: If the complete request is not received within a specific time frame, the server sends a 408 Request Timeout response.


  • Slow Network Conditions: When a client is on a slow network and cannot complete the request promptly.
  • Client Inactivity: In cases where a client starts a request but does not send the complete request.

Sequence Diagram

Illustrating the process for an HTTP 408 response:

    participant Client
    participant Server as Web Server

    Note over Client: Client begins sending a request
    Client->>Server: Partial GET /resource HTTP/1.1
    Note over Server: Server waits for completion of request
    Server->>Client: HTTP/1.1 408 Request Timeout

Curl Request and Response Example

Simulating a 408 Request Timeout scenario with Curl (theoretical):

# Curl example to simulate partial request (may not result in actual 408)
curl -i
# Possible response: HTTP/1.1 408 Request Timeout

PHP cURL Request and Response Example

PHP script using cURL to handle a 408 Request Timeout response (theoretical):

$ch = curl_init('');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
$response = curl_exec($ch);
if (curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE) == 408) {
    echo "Request timeout.";

Python Request and Response Example

Python script to handle a 408 Request Timeout response (theoretical):

import requests
response = requests.get('')
if response.status_code == 408:
    print("Request timeout")

Apache Configuration for HTTP 408 Request Timeout

Configuring Apache to handle 408 Request Timeout scenarios:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    # Configuration directives for handling request timeouts
    # ...

NGINX Configuration for HTTP 408 Request Timeout

Setting up NGINX to manage 408 Request Timeout responses:

server {
    listen 80;
    location / {
        # Directives for setting request timeout limits
        # ...

HTTP 407 Proxy Authentication Required HTTP 409 Conflict


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