HTTP 201 Created


The HTTP 201 Created status code is used when a request has been successfully processed and has resulted in the creation of a new resource. This status code is often seen in response to POST or PUT requests in web applications and APIs.


The primary purpose of the HTTP 201 response is to inform the client about the successful creation of a resource. It’s commonly used in RESTful API interactions to indicate that a new entity (like a user record, a file, or a database entry) has been successfully created on the server.


Client Behavior:

  1. Send Request: The client sends an HTTP POST or PUT request to the server to create a new resource.
  2. Receive Response: The client receives the HTTP 201 status code, indicating that the resource was created successfully.

Server Behavior:

  1. Process Request: The server processes the request and creates a new resource.
  2. Send Response: The server sends a 201 Created response, often including a Location header indicating the URI of the new resource.


  • Creating New Resources: When a client sends data to create a new resource, like a new user account, blog post, or file upload.
  • REST API Operations: In REST APIs, returning a 201 Created for successful POST requests that result in the creation of a new resource.

Sequence Diagram

    participant Client
    participant Server as Web Server

    Note over Client: Step 1: Client sends a POST/PUT request to create a resource
    Client->>Server: POST /new-item HTTP/1.1 (Step 1)

    Note over Server: Step 2: Server processes the request and creates the resource
    Server->>Client: HTTP/1.1 201 Created (Step 2)
    Server->>Client: Location: /new-item/123 (Step 3)

Curl Request and Response Example for HTTP 201 Created

When creating a new resource on a server, such as posting data to a web service or API, you might receive an HTTP 201 Created response if the resource is successfully created. Here’s an example of how to use Curl to make such a request:

# Sample curl request for creating a new resource
curl -i -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d '{"key": "value"}'

# Expected response for successful resource creation
HTTP/1.1 201 Created
Location: /api/resource/123

PHP cURL Request and Response Example for HTTP 201 Created

// Initialize cURL session
$ch = curl_init('');

// Data to be sent
$postData = ['key' => 'value'];
$postDataJson = json_encode($postData);

// Set cURL options
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postDataJson);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('Content-Type: application/json'));
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, true);

// Execute cURL session
$response = curl_exec($ch);
$httpCode = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);

// Check for HTTP 201 Created response
if ($httpCode == 201) {
    echo "Resource created successfully.\n";
    // Extract and display Location header (if available)
    $headers = substr($response, 0, curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HEADER_SIZE));
    if (preg_match('/Location: (.*)\n/', $headers, $matches)) {
        echo "Location of new resource: " . trim($matches[1]) . "\n";
} else {
    echo "Failed to create resource, status code: " . $httpCode . "\n";

// Close cURL session

Python Request and Response Example for HTTP 201 Created

import requests

# URL for creating a new resource
url = ''
data = {'key': 'value'}

# Sending a POST request
response =, json=data)

# Checking for HTTP 201 Created response
if response.status_code == 201:
    print("Resource created successfully.")
    print("Location of new resource:", response.headers.get('Location'))
    print(f"Failed to create resource, status code: {response.status_code}")

Apache Configuration for HTTP 100 Continue

# Apache Configuration Example
<VirtualHost *:80>

    # Enable KeepAlive for better handling of Expect: 100-continue
    KeepAlive On

    # Other directives...
    <Location "/upload">
        # Adjust the client request body size limit (e.g., 10M)
        LimitRequestBody 10485760

        # Additional location-specific directives...

NGINX Configuration for HTTP 201 Created

# NGINX Configuration Example
server {
    listen 80;

    location /api/resource {
        # Assuming NGINX acts as a reverse proxy for an application server
        proxy_pass http://backend_application_server;

        # Additional directives for handling POST requests
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;

        # Other configurations...

HTTP 200 OK HTTP 202 Accepted


Free Weekly


Join my weekly newsletter for the latest in tech! You'll get neat coding tricks, trend updates, career advice, SaaS reviews, crypto, bitcoin, and financial tips. All straight to your inbox, designed to keep you ahead.